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8. character string handling

I assume you are familiar with C language's string APIs, such as strlen(3) and strcpy(3). libapr provides some string APIs. They are almost same as the common(ANSI C) APIs. Why does libapr provide a yet another string APIs? The benefit of libapr's string APIs is related to memory pool. In a common C string handling, we have to write much memory management code. The following code is an example.

/* ANSI C string example (a bit naive code) */
/* we concatenate three strings, s1, s2, s3 */
int len1 = strlen(s1);
int len2 = strlen(s2);
int len3 = strlen(s3);
int total_len = len1 + len2 + len3;
char *cat_str = malloc(total_len + 1);
strcpy(cat_str, s1);
strcat(cat_str, s2);
strcat(cat_str, s3);

/* later, we have to free the allocated memory */

The same thing is written with libapr as follows:

/* pseudo code about libapr string APIs */
apr_pool_t *mp;
apr_pool_create(&mp, NULL);

/* apr_pstrcat() takes care of both memory allocation and string concatenation.
 * If the concatenated string is read-only, we should use 'const char*' type. */
const char *cat_str = apr_pstrcat(mp, s1, s2, s3, NULL);

/* later, all we have to do is to destroy the memory pool to free all the memory */

Like apr_pstrcat(), apr_psprintf() allows you to write much simpler code. You can find other string APIs in apr_strings.h.

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